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Bali, Indonesia


Sanur
Kerobokan
Seminyak
Negara
Seminyak - Legian Beach
Padangsambian
Pejarakan
Penebel
Nusa Dua
Denpasar
Pecatu
Mambal
Jatiluwih
Tampaksiring
Semarapura
Kintamani
Mas
Banjar
Selemadeg
Buwit
Sumberkelampok
Padangbai
Legian Beach
Sidemen
Tejakula
Menjangan Island
Perean Tengah
Blahbatu
Celuk
Lembongan Island
Belimbing
Jimbaran
Pekutatan
Tuban
Tabanan
Penatih
Susut
Ubud
Sebatu
Singaraja (Bali)
Medewi
Manggis
Taro
Munduk
Gobleg
Mengwi
Ungasan
Bedugul
Gianyar
Kerta
Tulamben
Kedonganan
Kuta (Bali)
Kuta Utara
Tembok
Kuta - Tuban
Kuta Seletan
Menjangan Bay
Wanagiri
Sukawati
Kubu
Canggu
Baturiti
Cepaka
Pemecutan Kelod
Pemuteran
Seririt
Payangan
Toya Bungkah
Tegallalang
Petitenget
Taman Kertha Gosa
Goa Lawah Beach
Bali Handara Kosaido Country Club
City Centre Denpasar
Gunung Kawi Temple
Candi Dasa
Batubulan
Pasifika Museum
Bali Galeria Mall
Ubud Monkey Forest
City Centre Jimbaran
Ubud Royal Palace
Renon Square
Tanah Lot
Lovina Beach
Sanur Beach





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History

Bali ’s ancient history has been recorded back as far as 30 thousand years.  The presence of a stone aged culture in Bali has been proven by modern archaeology.  But the roots of the Balinese is still conjecture.  Some scholars surmise that they likely were Polynesian and indeed, their wavy natural hair as well as other physical attributes can add credence to this theory.  Moreover, the mariner skills of the early Oceanic people has been  proven.

These first Balinese are referred to as the Bali Aga and to this day there are three villages in Bali which to one degree or another retain these earliest Balinese traditions, the village of Tenganan being the best known.


Inter-coastal trade from southern India, which seems to have begun as early as the 5th century, and almost immediately thereafter, China, which began trade in earnest during the T’ang Dynasty, (7th century AD) had a profound impact on Javanese, and eventually, Balinese culture.  It was through this trade that Hinduism and Buddhism was first introduced to Java.

Chinese coinage became the currency of the realm during the 14th century under the Majapahit, and strings of Chinese coins are still essential in most all Balinese ceremonies to this day.  But that is just one example, and there are many more.  However, it was the spread of Islam within Java, timed with the demise of the Majapahit Empire, that most led to the core roots of Bali as known today.    

Virtually all of the artistic traditions that are still seen today in Bali are from the Majapahit Chinese and Indian roots of Java.  This includes, architecture, gamelan, dance, and even the Balinese village legal system of adat, both religious and civil, which also has its roots in the Majapahit.  It could easily be said that in Bali , the Majapahit Empire lives on.  Indeed, the Balinese refer to themselves as direct descendants of the Majapahit.  

Arriving & Departing Info

Denpasar International Airport at Bali is a beatifully decorated cozy airport. Flights from Singapore, Hong Kong, Kuala lumpur, Bangkok, Tokyo, Melbourne & Sydney land here and the passenger starts getting a touch of this heavenly island. When travelling from Australia most people on package tours get airport transfers included. These usually cost at $15 per head.

The easiest and most cost effective way to get to your hotel is to walk outside the terminal, turn right and go to the taxi counter. Buy a fixed price ticket to your hotel. To Seminyak the fare is 60.000rp per taxi (not per person) (about $9AUD). To Legian 50.000. The advantage is also that you don't have to wait for other people before you can leave. Get straight in a taxi and you are off to your hotel. At the end of a holiday get a taxi back.

When travelling short distances around Bali the Bluebird taxis are cheaper. Make sure you ask them to put the meter on. They will not bargain lower than the what meter fare would be. You can also get public transport (Bemo's) which are cheaper again but you follow a set bus route. 

Please remember that for departing through Denpasar Airport (International), an outgoing passenger has to pay150,000 Rp as Airport Tax (since Nov. 1, 2007) and VOA (Visa On Arrival) cost is USD$25 for a 30 day visa.

Bali Culture

The Balinese are an extremely devote and spiritual mix. In fact, in Bali there are over 10,000 temples on the small but densely populated island. The Balinese believe that good spirits dwell in the mountains and that the seas are home to demons. Therefore, most villages have at least three main temples: one of which is the Pura Puseh or ‘temple of origin’, is dedicated to the village founders and which faces to Mt Agung - home to Pura Besakih the mother temple on Bali. Also, each home, rice field or market can have several temples and as well as rice fields. Daily offerings are made at these temples in he form of food, cigarettes, sweets and sometimes even money in order to honor the good spirits and satiate the evil spirits.
Balinese society is founded on the Hindu caste system, though there are several differences. For example, the Balinese do not have untouchables. Instead in Bali, there are four castes; Sundras , the peasants who comprise over 90% of the population, Wesias , the warrior caste, which also includes traders and some nobility, Satrias , the caste of kings, and Pedanas , the holy men and priests (brahman). Amazingly, each caste has its own language; a separate dialect exists to enable someone to address one of unknown caste to avoid disrespect. Luckily, to prevent confusion, the national language of Indonesia (Bahasia Indonesia), is taught in schools and enables everyone generally to communicate with one another.

There are two sub-classes in Bali called the Subak and the Banjar. The Subak controls who will plant rice and when (plantings are staggered so that pestilence is minimized). All farmers or rice paddy owners must join the Subak in their village. As well and more importantly the Subak ensures that all farmers receive just amounts of irrigation water. Meanwhile, the Banjar are in charge of all other aspects of Balinese life such as marriages, cremations, community service and festivals.

In Bali, the birth of a child is attended by the entire family, and a holy man who invokes spiritual powers and aids the delivery. Balinese are named according to its order in the family; Wayan for the first born, Made for the second, Nyoman for the third and Ketut for the fourth. The names are repeated for more than four children.

 


Galungan and Kuningan as the Biggest Ceremony

Galungan ceremony is the biggest ceremony which is held every 210 day (6 months Bali calendar). Galungan day is about the celebration of the victory of good versus bad (evil) During this ceremony the Balinese hindu will be busy with preparing for the worship a day before. Start to Make penjor ( the Bamboo decoration which is put in front of every house) this story of Galungan day is connected to Barong and keris Dance, A sacred danching whis is performed daily in every stage in Kuta or Batu bulan vilage. 

After the galungan ceremony is Kuningan Ceremony, which is coming on saturday, 10 days after the galungan Ceremony. This tell about that Balinese anchestor (God) is start to return. This ceremonyis end in the mid day on satur day, People will make the worship in every Family temple in each temple

The Best Time to Go

Bali is located only 8º (890 km) south of the equator. Thus, Balinese weather is tropical to say the least - reliably hot and sunny. Days are almost always 12 hours long. Around sunrise, 6:20 a.m, locals can be seen on the beach blessing the new day, playing with their families in the surf or harnessing their nets for a day of fishing. The sun then sets around 6:30 p.m when families generally retreat inside. The daytime temperature averages between 80º F (27ºC) to 90º F (32ºC) in the southern lowlands. In Bali however, it is quite humid at about 75% so often times it feels much hotter. The mountains tend to be significantly cooler at around 70º F (21ºC) to 80º F (27ºC). At night the mountains can get pretty chilly.  


Bali’s tropical monsoon climate has two distinct seasons: dry (between May to September) and wet (between October to April). Monsoon refers to the wind, not the rain. However even in the wet monsoon, in this tropical paradise it is still likely it will be sunny for a good part of the day.


May, June and July are generally considered to be the best time to travel to Bali in terms of the weather. However, depending on whether the traveler is a surfer or explorer, preferences may change. During the dry season, May to October, the western side of the peninsula creates some of the world's best waves. The best advice is to check the estimated weather during time of travel and pack accordingly.